Peru is a land of lost cities and ancient ruins, majestic Andean peaks reaching for the sky and some trashy urban beaches which are best avoided. Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city high in the Andes mountains, is one of the main tourist drawcards. The region around Machu Picchu, including the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail and colonial city of Cusco, is rich in archaeological sites. On Peru’s arid Pacific coast is Lima, the capital, with a preserved colonial centre and important collections of pre-Columbian art. Spanish is the official language of Peru however, 47 indigenous languages are also spoken in the country, including Quechua and Aymara. Peru is a multicultural nation filled with traditions, a unique gastronomy and vast natural reserves and is home to 12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Bolivia is sometimes called the Tibet of the Americas being the highest, most isolated and most rugged country. Bolivia is the perfect off-the-beaten-track destination. The majority of the population claim pure Amerindian blood and maintain cultural values and beliefs of their forebears. The geography of this landlocked Andean country ranges from jagged peaks and high mountain salt flats to steamy jungles and wildlife rich pampas.